Parent Privacy Rights
FERPA & PPRA
The Family Education Rights and Privacy Act(FERPA) provides that a parent/guardian has the right to inspect and review the educational records of their child, seek to amend educational records, and consent to the disclosure of personally identifiable information from educational records except as specified by law. The Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment (PPRA) states that general notification must be made to parents/guardians of surveys that contain questions in one or more of the eight protected areas listed below. Furthermore, schools must obtain prior written consent from parents/guardians before these surveys are administered.
- political affiliation or beliefs of the student or students parents
- mental or psychological problems of the student or the students family
- sex behavior or attitudes
- illegal, anti-social, self-incriminating, or demeaning behavior
- critical appraisals of other individuals with whom respondents have close family relationships
- legally recognized privileged or analogous relationships, such as those of lawyers, physicians, and ministers
- religious practices, affiliations, or beliefs of the student or students parent
- income (other than required by law to determine eligibility for participation in a program or for receiving financial assistance under such program).
Parents also have the right to review, upon request, any survey that concerns one or more of the eight protected areas, any instructional materials used in connection with any survey that concerns one or more of the protected areas, and any instructional material used as part of the educational curriculum for the student.